By Richard Black, Godfried Engbersen, Marek Okólski, Cristina Pantîru
A Continent relocating West? argues that the conceptualization of migration as a one-way or long term procedure is changing into more and more broad of the mark. really, east-west exertions migration in Europe, in universal maybe with different flows in and from different components of the area, is different, fluid, and inspired by means of the dynamics of neighborhood and sector-specific hard work markets and migration-related political laws. The papers during this ebook give a contribution to severe figuring out of the east-west migration in the ecu Union after the 2004 expansion, from the recent to the outdated member states.
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Additional info for A Continent Moving West?: EU Enlargement and Labour Migration from Central and Eastern Europe
Quantitative studies usually require a list from which to draw a sample, but no lists of such labour migrants exist or can easily be compiled. 18 Many do not even have registered work permits because they are posted workers employed in foreign companies or self-employed workers. Finally, an unknown number of people are working illegally, without being registered or paying tax to either their country of origin or destination. Due to this lack of data on the individual level, research on migration after EU expansion has so far mostly focused on companies’ labour strategies and institutional changes in the regulatory regimes in the wake of increasing mobility.
2). These results show two things. First, it appears that the migrants’ intended duration of stay is not as limited as previously expected. 9 Seven per cent expected to return within five years. The majority expected to move back home one day, but did not know when. One out of five said that they most likely, or certainly will never, move back to Poland and that they planned to settle permanently. Also, 40 per cent of the male migrants who had partners living in Poland said they expected their spouses to join them in Norway in the near future.
In order to get a residence permit, they need a contract for full-time work with a Norwegian company offering the same wages as stated in collective agreement, or whatever is normal pay in this occupation and sector. Individual labour migrants must pay taxes in Norway. After the transitional restrictions are lifted, no wage requirements will be needed to obtain a work permit. In contrast, posted workers employed in Polish companies subcontracting in Norway do not need a residence permit until they have worked in Norway for three months.
A Continent Moving West?: EU Enlargement and Labour Migration from Central and Eastern Europe by Richard Black, Godfried Engbersen, Marek Okólski, Cristina Pantîru