By Jean-Michel Savoie, Marie Foulongne-Oriol, Gérard Barroso, Philippe Callac (auth.), Frank Kempken (eds.)
This quantity covers the excessive relevance of fungi for agriculture. it's a thoroughly up-to-date and revised moment version with fourteen very good chapters via best scientists of their fields and gives a finished evaluate of the newest achievements and advancements.
Topics contain: nutrition and fodder; fungal secondary metabolites and detoxing; biology, ailment keep watch over and administration; symbiontic fungi and mycorrhiza; and phytopathogenicity.
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The colors were measured after cultivation in climatic rooms protected from daylight (Callac et al. 2005), showing the genetic origin of this trait. -M. Savoie et al. Both the available diversity and knowledge concerning genetic control (see III-B) meet the requirements for breeding programs on this easily measurable trait. In breeding programs of research institutes or spawn companies, white mushrooms derived from commercial strains are crossed with brown wild strains. The objectives are either to obtain white hybrid of A.
For taxonomy and synonymy of this taxon we followed Kerrigan (2005); Arrillaga and Parra (2006); Ludwig (2007); and Cappelli (2011). Kerrigan (2005) and Wasser et al. (2002) agreed that the name A. blazei Murrill sensu Heinemann was inappropriate. The homonyme A. subrufescens Ellis & Everh is posterior as this has been corrected in Index Fungorum. Because of its particular fragrance and taste, this basidiomycete popularly known as “the almond mushroom” is now considered as one of the most important culinary–medicinal biotechnological species, with rising demand in consumption and production worldwide (for reviews see Largeteau et al.
Work is in progress also for the analysis of the inheritance of adaptive traits such as temperature tolerance (Fructification at High Temperature 25 C in Fig. 5) or ability to growth and fruit on compost. New information is expected. 2. Marker-Assisted Selection The basic concept of marker-assisted selection (MAS) is to select on the genotype of the marker(s) tightly linked to the trait rather than to select on the phenotype (Collard and Mackill 2008; Hospital 2009). Since most of the interesting traits in edible mushrooms are only displayed at fruiting stage, early selection with molecular markers allows an accurate screening of desirable offspring without the cultivation step.
Agricultural Applications by Jean-Michel Savoie, Marie Foulongne-Oriol, Gérard Barroso, Philippe Callac (auth.), Frank Kempken (eds.)