By Öznur Sevdiren
The publication specializes in essentially the most not easy parts of Turkish penal justice: the overreliance on custodial measures and a corresponding development within the felony inhabitants, and compares Turkey with significant ecu international locations during this recognize: England and Wales and Germany. The underlying query in the course of the research is the level to which criminal possible choices will be noticeable as real choices to rapid custodial sentences.
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Additional info for Alternatives to Imprisonment in England and Wales, Germany and Turkey: A Comparative Study
5 The Proliferation of Prison Alternatives: 2nd Period A comparative penological survey of the post-war western countries reveals that since the emergence of the concept of non-custodial penalties, there appears to have been a slow expansion in the number and variety of non-custodial penalties until the 1970s. During the course of the 1970s, a wide variety of alternative penalties and measures began to be introduced. 82 Thus, here too, one could talk of an emergence of new patterns, a new trend that is perceptible in the introduction of new measures among western countries.
1911) The Individualisation of Punishment, reprinted in 1968, Patterson Smith, Montclair. 13 Carpenter, op. , pp. 9, Wines, op. , pp. 141–142, von Liszt (1882/3) Der Zweckgedanke im Strafrecht, reprinted in 2002, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, Baden, pp. 42–47, Ruggles-Brise (1925) op. , pp. 13–14 and 57–58, Mitteilungen der Internationalen Kriminalistischen Vereinigung (1891), vol. 2, Guttentag, Berlin, pp. ’ in Mitteilungen der Internationalen Kriminalistischen Vereinigung (1891), vol. 2, pp. 64–75.
Cited in United Nations (1951), op. , p. 64. 79 Gr€unhut (1948) op. , p. 301, United Nations (1951), op. , p. 70, Harris, op. , p. 55. 80 Trought, op. , pp. 185–186. g. Germain, C. (1954) Post-war Prison Reform in France, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, vol. 293, pp. 139–151, pp. 150–151. Germanin noted that “during very recent years it has become clear that it would be useful to have a special type of suspension, to which there would be attached both a control over conduct and aid by guidance for certain individuals who, not being subject to a mandatory punishment, need both control and help during a probationary period if they are to be saved from recidivism”.
Alternatives to Imprisonment in England and Wales, Germany and Turkey: A Comparative Study by Öznur Sevdiren